The Fitzpatrick scale (also Fitzpatrick skin typing test, or Fitzpatrick phototyping scale) is a numerical classification schema for human skin color.
It was developed in 1975 by Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, a Harvarddermatologist, as a way to classify the typical response of different types of skin to ultraviolet (UV) light.Later, it was updated to also contain a wider range of skin types.The Fitzpatrick scale remains a recognized tool for dermatological research into human skin pigmentation.
The following list shows the six categories of the Fitzpatrick scale, in relation to the 36 categories of the older von Luschan scale:
Type I (scores 0–6) Pale white; blond or red hair; blue eyes; freckles — Always burns, never tans
Type II (scores 7–13) White; fair; blond or red hair; blue, green, or hazel eyes — Usually burns, tans minimally
Type III (scores 14–20) Cream white; fair with any hair or eye color; quite common — Sometimes mild burn, tans uniformly
Type IV (scores 21–27) Moderate brown; typical Mediterranean skin tone — Rarely burns, always tans well
Type V (scores 28–34) Dark brown; Middle Eastern skin types — Very rarely burns, tans very easily
Type VI (scores 35–36) Deeply pigmented dark brown to black — Never burns, tans very easily
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