The Fitzpatrick scale (also Fitzpatrick skin typing test, or Fitzpatrick phototyping scale) is a numerical classification schema for human skin color.
It was developed in 1975 by Thomas B. Fitzpatrick, a Harvarddermatologist, as a way to classify the typical response of different types of skin to ultraviolet (UV) light.Later, it was updated to also contain a wider range of skin types.The Fitzpatrick scale remains a recognized tool for dermatological research into human skin pigmentation.
The following list shows the six categories of the Fitzpatrick scale, in relation to the 36 categories of the older von Luschan scale:
Type I (scores 0–6) Pale white; blond or red hair; blue eyes; freckles — Always burns, never tans
Type II (scores 7–13) White; fair; blond or red hair; blue, green, or hazel eyes — Usually burns, tans minimally
Type III (scores 14–20) Cream white; fair with any hair or eye color; quite common — Sometimes mild burn, tans uniformly
Type IV (scores 21–27) Moderate brown; typical Mediterranean skin tone — Rarely burns, always tans well
Type V (scores 28–34) Dark brown; Middle Eastern skin types — Very rarely burns, tans very easily
Type VI (scores 35–36) Deeply pigmented dark brown to black — Never burns, tans very easily
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Acne is defined as a skin condition resulting in symptoms such as pimples, plugged pores and nodules or cysts that typically occur on the face, chest, back and shoulders and may result in scarring of the skin. The American Academy of Dermatology reports that nearly 50 million Americans suffer from acne, making it one of the most commonly diagnosed skin disorders in America. Typically beginning in puberty, acne may continue to develop and worsen throughout a person's 20s and even into his 50s. Treating acne scars may be done through prescription ointments or over-the-counter medications. However, natural supplements such as green tea may reduce the appearance of acne scars.
Green Tea Active Constituents
The University of Maryland Medical Center reports the medicinal qualities of green tea can be attributed to chemicals known as polyphenols, which is an umbrella term to describe compounds known as catechins. Green tea contains six active catechins, which include epicatechin gallate, epigallocatechin, epicatechin, gallocatechin and catechin. All of these chemicals are known for their high antioxidant concentration. Rice University states in the article "Antioxidants and Free Radicals" that antioxidants eliminate harmful free radicals, which are uneven atoms. Free radicals are known to cause cellular damage, which if gone unchecked may cause serious health complications.
Green Tea and Acne Scars
One of the main side effects of acne is skin inflammation, and this inflammation may cause sores that develop into scars. The University of Maryland Medical Center states the ECGC chemical, which is among the most potent catechin compounds found in green tea, is effective at reducing skin inflammation. The internal consumption and topical application of green tea may help reduce acne-induced inflammation, which may help eliminate the development of scars by reducing the severity of acne sores. While the benefits of green tea specifically for the reduction of acne scars is under debate within the scientific community, the "Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology" reports that the active compounds in green tea have medicinal benefits for skin health and skin cell repair.
Green tea may be consumed through beverage form as well as through topical application. The University of Maryland Medical Center suggests consuming two to three cups of green tea daily, which provides the body with 240 to 320 mg of polyphenols. However, the consumption process may be streamlined by taking 100 to 750 mg of green tea extract supplements per day. To apply green tea topically to the skin, purchase ointments with green tea extract or bring 8 oz. of water to a rolling boil and add 2 tbsp. of loose green tea leaves. Allow the tea to steep for at least 10 minutes to ensure the polyphenols and other active compounds are extracted from the leaves. Wait until the tea is at a comfortable temperature, and place a washcloth into the tea. Apply the washcloth directly to the skin, and allow the tea to soak into the skin for 10 minutes. Periodically dip the washcloth back into the tea throughout the application process.
Before using green tea to help treat acne scars, discuss the use of this herb with your physician. This is especially important if you are taking acne medications or ointments. Some of the more common side effects associated with green tea are derived from the caffeine within the tea and may include dizziness, insomnia, loss of appetite and irritability.
GREEN TEA FOR ACNE SCARS By Jonathan McLelland originally published on LIVESTRONG.COM
Photo Credit Digital Vision./Digital Vision/Getty Images
How Can The Iderm Treatment Help Acne Prone Skin?
The Iderm Treatment is serious skin care for clients of all ages who are experiencing mild to moderate acne. The Iderm Treatment is all about subtraction; removing impurities, extracting blemish-causing bacteria, and infusing the skin with healthy, water-soluble solutions of vitamins and minerals which aid in the healing and control of acne prone skin.
This is NOT a “spa facial” where the focus is on pampering, massaging creams into the skin, etc.
This is like physical therapy for your skin. Clients with ongoing acne issues need to come regularly like going to the gym, physical therapy or yoga.
We generally recommend that clients with acne issues have their first 4-6 visits as close together as possible, weekly or every two weeks apart. Usually by that time and with proper skin care products used at home we can generally tell if this treatment is appropriate for you. If results are not seen within 4-6 regular treatments then we recommend seeing a medical professional.
What Results Can You Expect?
The Iderm Treatment is skin detox at its best: You will notice immediately after the first treatment how utterly clean your skin feels. For those with acne, it helps unclog pores so that sebum (excess oil) can easily be removed.
For rosacea sufferers, the galvanic current constricts blood vessels and soothes inflammation, thereby reducing redness.
Ongoing treatments provide a clearer complexion and in some cases will control the acne altogether but it’s not a “magic bullet” treatment.
Does the Treatment Help With Scars?
The Iderm Treatment infuses the skin with a vitamin and mineral solution and part of this solution is Vitamin C.
Vitamin C when infused into the dermal layer has been known to help lessen the appearance of hyper-pigmentation caused from hormonal melasma as well as the after effects of acne scars. We’ve seen evidence that regular treatments, sometimes combined with glycolic peels and/or microdermabrasion can lesson discoloration in the skin tissue. The treatment has also been known to “soften” rough textured skin, including scars.
Does the Treatment Hurt?
Generally, no. As with a workout regimen, clients new to the manual extraction process may experience minimal discomfort for a brief period.
As for the ionization process, most people find the galvanic current actually kind of tickles. It’s a low-intensity, adjustable current that is so safe you could use it every day. And because the body itself is electric, some clients find it so relaxing, they fall asleep during this step, while others find it perks them up.
Fun Fact: Galvanic current is also used in the medical arena; the Iderm Treatment is recommended for pre- and post- laser and surgical procedures to boost the healing process.
What is Galvanic Current?
For decades, galvanic current has been applied medically to assist in healing of bone, muscle, ligament and various tissues. This is what is called a “Transdermal Delivery System”. There are only two ways to get certain medications or healthy vitamin and mineral water soluble solution this deeply into the skin and one method is injections with needles and the other is a transdermal delivery method using electricity. Most noted in the early history of electric medical experimentation is Luigi Galvani, who in 1791 was the first person to use electric current. The “Galvanic Current,” often used today in cosmetology to drive skin treatments deeper into the skin, is named after him.
Is The Iderm® Treatment Safe?
The Iderm® treatment process uses a very low intensity current, a milliamper (1/1000th of an ampere) which is both safe and effective for application to the skin. Far less that what a common cell phone uses.
Grades of Acne…What Does It All Mean?
Grade I – The Iderm Facial Treatment is appropriate for this type of acne.
Grade I acne is the mildest form of acne. There may be minor pimples but they will small, appear only very occasionally, and in small numbers (one or two). Blackheads and milia will be found, sometimes in great numbers, but there is no inflammation of Grade I acne. Grade I acne is commonly seen in early adolescence, especially in the nose and/or forehead. Many adults also experience grade I acne, as blackheads on the nose and forehead. Milia are commonly found in the eye area and chin. This type of acne can be successfully treated at home using an over-the-counter product containing salicylic acid. Results generally are seen quickly. Treating acne while it is still in its early stages helps prevent acne from progressing, especially in teens. Grade I acne may progress to Grade II if left untreated.
Grade II – The Iderm Facial Treatment is appropriate for this type of acne.
Grade II is considered moderate acne. There will be blackheads and milia, generally in greater numbers. You will start seeing more papules and the formation of pustules in this stage. They will appear with greater frequency, and general breakout activity will be more obvious. Slight inflammation of the skin is now apparent. In teens, you may see the acne progress from the nose and forehead to other areas of the face. Acne may start to affect the chest and shoulders, with occasional breakouts on the back, especially in males. Adult women may find greater breakout activity in the cheeks, chin, and jaw line area, especially just before and during the menstrual cycle. Grade II acne can still be treated at home, using over-the-counter products. In addition to a salicylic acid, a benzoyl peroxide lotion should be used daily to help kill the bacteria that cause inflamed breakouts. However, if after several weeks of home treatment your acne does not significantly improve, it is time to see a dermatologist. Grade II acne may progress to Grade III, especially if pimples are habitually picked at or squeezed.
Grade III – The Iderm Facial Treatment may be appropriate for this type of acne.
This type of acne is considered severe. The main difference between Grade II acne and Grade III is the amount of inflammation present. The skin is now obviously reddened and inflamed. Papules and pustules have developed in greater numbers, and nodules will be present. Grade III usually involves other body areas, such as the neck, chest, shoulders, and/or upper back, as well as the face. The chance of scarring becomes higher as the infection spreads and becomes deeper. A dermatologist may be recommended to treat acne at this stage. Grade III acne is usually treated with both topical and systemic therapies available only by prescription. Left untreated, Grade III acne may progress to Grade IV.
Grade IV – The Iderm Facial Treatment is usually not enough to treat this type of acne although we have had some success with very mild cystic acne. Call us for a consultation.
The most serious form of acne, Grade IV is often referred to as nodulocystic or cystic acne. The skin will display numerous papules, pustules, and nodules, in addition to cysts. There is a pronounced amount of inflammation and breakouts are severe. Cystic acne is very painful. Acne of this severity usually extends beyond the face, and may affect the entire back, chest, shoulders, and upper arms. The infection is deep and widespread. Nearly all cystic acne sufferers develop scarring. Grade IV acne must be treated by a dermatologist. It tends to be hard to control, and almost always requires powerful systemic medications in addition to topical treatments.
When you have a pimple one of your goals is to reduce the swelling and flatten it. Sometimes you can’t make it to DERMASPACE.
Here’s what to do in case of emergency….
First step is to try using ICE or ibuprofen.
Second step….try Visine. Visine can offer the same vasoconstriction properties that gets the red out of your eyes so it can work on pimples too.
Soak a cotton swab in Visine and hold it next to your pimple for 5 minutes.
Perfect for when you have an event or a date and that pesky pimple makes an appearance before you can!
Of course this is just a quick fix so make sure to book your appointment at DERMASPACE as soon as you can!
Microdermabrasion is a very popular, modern, machine assisted gentle skin exfoliating treatment. Other names include microderm, lunchtime peel, Parisian peel, and Diamond peel It is a fairly simple, easy, painless, non-invasive, skin rejuvenation procedure using a combination of a fine abrasive tip or crystals and vacuum suction applied to the skin.
Typically there are no needles or anesthetics required for microdermabrasion. The vacuum pressure and speed are adjusted depending on the sensitivity and tolerance of the skin.
Microdermabrasion is often compared to the feeling of a cat licking your face- a rough but gentle texture. Typical microdermabrasion sessions can last anywhere from 5 minutes to one hour.
Minimal to no recovery time is required after microdermabrasion and most people immediately return to daily activity after a session.
Makeup and non-irritating creams can usually be applied right after microdermabrasion.
Often called “Microderm” for short, it is a procedure to help exfoliate or temporarily remove a few of the top layers of the skin called the stratum corneum. Much like brushing your teeth, microderm helps to gently remove “plaque” and skin debris. Since human skin typically regenerates at approximately 30 day intervals, skin improvement with microdermabrasion is temporary and needs to be repeated at average intervals of 2-4 weeks for continued improvement. Multiple treatments in combination with sunscreen, sun avoidance, and other skin care creams yield best results.
First developed in Italy in the late 20th century, microdermabrasion is a skin resurfacing procedure which has advantages of low risk and rapid recovery compared to the other resurfacing methods such as dermabrasion, chemical peeling, and laser resurfacing.
Since microdermabrasion produces only a very superficial depth of removal, it works best on improving superficial skin conditions such as early photoaging (sun damage), fine lines, age spots, enlarged pores, acne, and superficial scarring. Usually multiple treatments (6 – 12 sessions) are recommended to see a significant improvement. Initially, people choose weekly treatments, and then gradually extend to monthly or bimonthly maintenance or touch up treatments.
Who should get microdermabrasion?
Microdermabrasion is very useful for people with dull skin, mild acne, acne discoloration and pick marks, and very superficial acne scars. Individuals with deeper acne scars may expect a much longer series of treatments or likely benefit from physician performed surgical dermabrasion or laser resurfacing.
Microdermabrasion is a noninvasive (no needles, no surgery) procedure with essentially no downtime. Treatment risks are very minimal and may include temporary skin discoloration- darker or less commonly lighter skin areas (called post inflammatory hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentaion)/ or scarring are very low compared to other more traditional resurfacing approaches. Therefore, microdermabrasion may be a good treatment option for patients with superficial skin problems and busy lifestyles.
Microderm should not be confused with Dermabrasion with is an invasive surgical procedure performed typically by dermatologists or plastic surgeons under local or general anesthesia. This was a very popular procedure for acne scars. Dermabrasion requires anesthesia and would be too painful otherwise. Dermabarasion was performed with sand paper like products and machine rotary devices to sand down the skin. Layers of epidermis are usually removed and the resulting open wounds may take from 5-20 days to fully heal. The risk of infection is much higher with this type of procedure. Dermabrasion is also performed for certain types of deep scars. It should not be performed by non- specialized physicians fully trained in this highly technical procedure.
How does microdermabrasion work?
Traditionally, the crystal microdermabrasion system contains a pump, a connecting tube, a handpiece, and a vacuum. While the pump creates a high-pressure stream of inert crystals, such as aluminum oxide, magnesium oxide, sodium chloride, and sodium bicarbonate, to abrade the skin, the vacuum removes the crystals and exfoliated skin cells. Alternatively, the inert crystals can be replaced by a roughened surface of the tip in the diamond microdermabrasion system.
Unlike the crystal microdermabrasion system, the diamond microdermabrasion machine does not produce particles from crystals that may be inhaled into patients’ nose or blew into eyes. Hence, the diamond microdermabrasion is safer to be used on the area around eyes and lips. Generally, the slower the movement of the handpiece against the skin and the more numbers of passes over the skin, the deeper the treatment is achieved.
Which areas can I have microdermabrasion?
Face is the most common area for microderm. It can also be performed on essentially any skin area including neck, chest, back, and hands.
How often can I have microdermabrasion?
Microdermabrasion can be done as frequently as weekly or up to every 8 weeks depending on your skin’s tolerance and desired cosmetic effects. Many people choose to start with weekly treatments for 3 sessions, then change to a monthly maintenance regimen.
Typical Microderm Schedule:
Week 1: 1st session
Week 2: 2nd session
Week 3: 3rd session
Monthly: 4th- 12th sessions
Much like brushing your teeth, microderm helps to gently remove “plaque” and skin debris.
Since human skin typically regenerates at approximately 30 day intervals, skin improvement with microdermabrasion is temporary and needs to be repeated at average intervals of 2-4 weeks for continued improvement.
Usually multiple treatments (6 – 12 sessions) are recommended to see a significant improvement.
What are different types of microdermabrasion?
What are microderm crystals made of?
Microderm crystals are typically made of a very fine, abrasive material like aluminum oxide. Other inert microderm crystals include magnesium oxide, sodium chloride, and sodium bicarbonate.
Sodium chloride (salt)
Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda)